Institut de Neurosciences Cognitives et Intégratives d'Aquitaine (UMR5287)

Aquitaine Institute for Cognitive and Integrative Neuroscience



INCIA - UMR 5287- CNRS
Université de Bordeaux

Zone nord Bat 2 2ème étage
146, rue Léo Saignat
33076 Bordeaux cedex
France

Téléphone 05.57.57.15.51
Télécopie 05.56.90.14.21

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CNRS Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes Université de Bordeaux

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Home > Latest publications

Implication of 5-HT in the Dysregulation of Chloride Homeostasis in Prenatal Spinal Motoneurons from the G93A Mouse Model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Martin E, Cazenave W, Allain AE, Cattaert D, Branchereau P. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Feb 7;21(3). pii: E1107. doi: 10.3390/ijms21031107.

by Loïc Grattier - published on

Abstract
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor neuron degeneration and muscle paralysis. The early presymptomatic onset of abnormal processes is indicative of cumulative defects that ultimately lead to a late manifestation of clinical symptoms. It remains of paramount importance to identify the primary defects that underlie this condition and to determine how these deficits lead to a cycle of deterioration. We recently demonstrated that prenatal E17.5 lumbar spinal motoneurons (MNs) from SOD1G93A mice exhibit a KCC2-related alteration in chloride homeostasis, i.e., the EGABAAR is more depolarized than in WT littermates. Here, using immunohistochemistry, we found that the SOD1G93A lumbar spinal cord is less enriched with 5-HT descending fibres than the WT lumbar spinal cord. High-performance liquid chromatography confirmed the lower level of the monoamine 5-HT in the SOD1G93A spinal cord compared to the WT spinal cord. Using ex vivo perforated patch-clamp recordings of lumbar MNs coupled with pharmacology, we demonstrated that 5-HT strongly hyperpolarizes the EGABAAR by interacting with KCC2. Therefore, the deregulation of the interplay between 5-HT and KCC2 may explain the alteration in chloride homeostasis detected in prenatal SOD1G93A MNs. In conclusion, 5-HT and KCC2 are two likely key factors in the presymptomatic phase of ALS, particular in familial ALS involving the SOD1G93A mutation.

KEYWORDS:
5-HT; ALS; GABA/glycine; SOD1G93A mouse; chloride homeostasis; development; motoneuron; perforated patch-clamp; spinal cord